If I Knew Then What I Know Now: Electronics

December 18, 2012

Love having this little baby in the cockpit.

 

We’ve only been cruising for just over four months now, but it’s already been plenty of time to figure out what works and what doesn’t as far as all our electronics go.  And that’s not even in a ‘broken or working’ sense, more of a ‘this was a good purchase/feature, or not’.  Because if we knew then what we know now, we probably could have saved ourselves a lot of money on things we added that aren’t really that necessary.  While talking to our friends Ron and Jackie who will hopefully be on our tails in just a few years, they asked what the best pieces of equipment to outfit their new boat with are, probably thinking they need a lot of the top of the line pieces we just purchased.  Some things we’re definitely happy we got and will be recommending they do the same, but some things we got were just….unnecessary.  So if we could help more than one person with outfitting their boat in preparation to go cruising, we happy to throw out some opinions and advice.

But remember, this list is just meant to only be a piece of advice and our personal opinion.  Every sailor is going to have a different idea of what works for them and it may not match with ours.

 

What we Love

This is a list of what we feel are the best purchased we made as far as electronics.  Things we couldn’t live without and we would definitely recommend to other boaters.

 

    • Autopilot.  Hands down this is the number one best purchase we could have added to our boat.  Any time we’re out on the water it gets used.  I could not imagine having to steer by hand for hours on end, it’s both physically and mentally tiring.  With the set up we have now we only hand steer through narrow or winding areas like inlets, rivers, canals.  Whenever we’re in a big body of water we just engage the autopilot and keep an eye on the horizon, and on the chartplotter, changing course by a few degrees or multiples of 10 when we need to.  I don’t think we’d have the discipline to be on the water without it.  I tip my hat to any of you that do.  (Our autopilot is made up of Raymarine SX10 Computer; Raymarine rudder position sensor; Raymarine linear drive type 1; Raymarine st6002 head unit).

 

    • Cockpit mounted VHF.  Don’t worry, that’s not the only one we have.  There’s also a Standard Horizon GX2100 at the nav station.  But I have found it almost indispensable to also have one in the cockpit at all times.  It sits right next to the wheel and the autopilot controls, and we have it on whenever we’re traveling.  It’s usually just monitoring channel 16, but any time we need to hail a lift bridge, respond to a hail from a passing boat, or hail Tow Boat and the Coast Guard (cough, cough), it’s always at arms reach.  Rarely do we ever use the one at the nav station while we’re traveling, and since I, helmsman and VHF correspondent, can’t be at the wheel and down below at the same time, it makes it very handy to have one available above deck. (Our cockpit mounted VHF is a Standard Horizon RAM 3)

 

    • AIS. Automatic Identification System.  This favorable little device is a tracking system used on ships for identifying and locating vessels by electronically exchanging data.  We only have the receiver part of this which means that we can pick up other ships transmitting, but not the transceiver which would allow them to pick up us.  It’s still very useful for us though since who we need to keep the biggest eye out for on the water are the large containers/tugs/ect., that are traveling in the 10-20 knot range and are not likely to change their course to move around us.  Meaning that on a bad night they could run us over before we ever saw them.  But with AIS they send out a signal that we pick up on our chartplotter which shows their location, their speed, their direction, and usually their destination.  We also have a way to set it up where our GPS reads their coordinates and speed against ours and will notify us if we’re on a collision course and can tell us when it will happen down to the minute.  This takes so much pressure off on night watches or when you’re exiting the Charleston Channel at 5 am and you can’t tell if those bright lights are 1 mile away or 10.  (Our AIS is Standard Horizon GX2100).

 

    • Vessel Systems Monitor.  Although this falls into the somewhat frivolous category since there are other ways around getting this information, we still love ours.  In one little screen that we have mounted at the nav station it shows the current charge of our batteries, how many amps we’re bringing in from our solar panels, how often our bilge runs in a 24 hour period, and even the level in our holding tank.  There are so many other things it monitors as well: all voltage, amperage, watts, frequency, ect.  But did you hear me?, it monitors the level in your holding tank!  Which means that I don’t have to squeeze myself into a lazarette, unscrew the top to the holding tank, and put my face up against it to see how full it is.  I have a pretty strong stomach, but constantly checking poo levels does not fall into the category of things I like to do.  (Our VSM is a Blue Sea Systems 422)

 

  • LED Lights.  Any lights we have been able to change to LED, we have done so.  From cabin lights, to the masthead light, to our navigation lights.  They are incredible at conserving energy which is great because we make all of our own and it’s all we have to go on.  LED lights use 1/10th of the power our original lights did, so we don’t feel bad lighting our cabin up like a Christmas tree at night.  Plus with sunset coming so early the closer you get to the Equator, you want to make sure you’re never left in the dark because you’re worried about conserving your power.  Now if we could just get something going with these in the cockpit, we’ll be all set!  (We currently have Sensibulb and IMTRA LED lights, but have been having issues with the Sensibulbs flickering)

What we like but could have done without

These are the things that although we like them and have not had any issues with them, were not necessary purchases.  Either there was a cheaper route we could have gone or a roundabout way we could have done it.  But since they’re already on the boat…..happy to have them!

 

    • Chartplotter.  For those of you who follow along you know that I love my chartplotter.  I stare at it all day long whenever we’re traveling because I constantly want to know our position, our speed, and even the time of day.  (Imagine me whining ‘Are we there yet?’.)  I live by our chartplotter.  But there’s another and cheaper way we could have done this.  Introducing…. da da da daaaa…. an iPad.  It can do the same exact thing as your chartplotter.  All of your charts can be loaded on there, it can talk with your other devices, and you can take it anywhere.  There are also really nice waterproof cases that make it almost indestructible on a boat…given that you don’t drop it in the water.  It’s what our friends on Rode Trip have been using and they’ve been very happy with it. (Our chartplotter is a Raymarine C95)

 

    • Instruments.  Things like depth sounder, wind speed, and boat speed.  These are very important things and I’m not discrediting them altogether, but the reason they make the list is because all that information is viewable on the chartplotter.  The instruments we have came with the boat, but honestly, they’re never looked at.  Remember how my eyes are always glued on the chartplotter?  Most of the time we don’t even see the ones mounted in the cockpit because they’re covered with chairs or lines. (Our instruments are Raymarine ST60)

 

    • Radar.  This actually is something I would consider a necessity.  It’s just something that, surprisingly, we haven’t used very much yet.  That’s probably because almost everywhere we’ve been so far in the U.S. is so well charted that we don’t need to check it against radar.  It will go on sometimes during night watches just as a little something extra, but then you have to be zoomed in very close (usually within a mile or two of your position) on the chartplotter which in turn doesn’t give you the wide view and a chance to see other boats transmitting AIS.  I’m sure it will become very useful once we’re out of the country and the charts may not be as up to date, but at the moment it’s not getting the kind of use we thought it would. (Our radar is a Raymarine 418)

 

  • Handheld VHF.  That’s right, we have three on board.  And guess which one never gets used? In fact, the only time it ever did get used was while coming up to locks on the Erie Canal and I’d be standing at the bow with boat hook also in hand, hailing the lockmaster.  Which could have as easily been done from the cockpit.  They’re usually short range, die quickly, and may not be as waterproof as you’d hoped.  (My fault for leaving it out in a rainstorm)  That’s not to say they’re bad all together.  If you buy a good one, keep it charged, and stow it out of the rain it could be a very good alternative to a cockpit mounted VHF.  (Our handheld VHF is a Uniden Atlantis 250)

 

Now that I’m finished I’m actually surprised by how many things are in the ‘need it’ category instead of the ‘it could have waited’.  Sorry Ron, looks like you will have a lot of shopping to do for Hullabaloo.  But again, what works for one boater may not work for another.  There are tons of variables to take into consideration: type of boat; sailing destinations, personal preference; level of proactiveness (I’d say we fall somewhere in the middle there).  But I think our best advice would be ‘You won’t know before you leave’.  Meaning, it probably will take a few months of living on the boat, traveling, and finding out for yourself.  So if you have the ability, leave with the bare minimum and stop along the way to pick up the things you find you need.  Preferably while you’re still in the U.S., it would probably make it easier to get what you’re looking for and have all the necessary tools to get it installed.

Busy day in New York Harbor.

 

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2 thoughts on “If I Knew Then What I Know Now: Electronics

  1. Don’t toss out that handheld VHF yet. As you leave US waters and dinghy about and around islands it will become an Absolutely Essential piece of equipment. It’ll keep you in touch w home base when one of you leaves the boat and the other stays aboard, and it’s a bit of a safety net if you find yourself in straits in the dink or in a kayak. I kayak alone quite often, going miles away, and always take the handheld w me.
    As for those instruments, you need the depth sounder, the wind instruments, etc. Maybe you don’t need the extra display that you installed in the cockpit, although we’ve found redundancy to be a great addition to peace of mind. But you do need the instruments themselves or they couldn’t show up as displays on your chart plotter.
    As for the chart plotter itself, having the Raymarine chart plotter on the pedestal mount in the cockpit, using an IPad with navionics as back up, is, for our purposes, ideal. There are places where navionics charts are superior to those on the chart plotter. But again, redundancy is key. If you end up with battery failure or iPad failure and you don’t have a chart plotter you’re screwed.
    And the biggest thing is, you can’t turn down the back light on the iPad. For night sailing I turn the backlight on the chart plotter down to 8-10% and I still have night vision. 2 weeks ago we were doing an overnight along the coast, and while in the Hawk channel I decided to double check some marks on the iPad. I was night-blinded by the light from the iPad. It’s not a viable tool for nighttime navigation.
    As for the radar, once you’re offshore it’s essential again for seeing what’s around you in low visibility conditions. Not all vessels have AIS. Shrimpers, commercial fishing vessels, and a lot of private vessels don’t have AIS, and in dense rain, fog, and at night they’ll show up on radar. Bad squalls also show up on radar. I think once you leave inland and ICW waters you’ll develop a real appreciation for your radar.

    What we put on the boat that really increased our quality of life: solar panels. Takes care of most of our energy needs for an entire week away from a dock, so that we only need to run a generator once a week to top off the battery bank, keep the glass batteries in top working order.
    Hope you’re back on the water soon.

  2. Marjorie, Thanks for the insight on some of the electronics listed above. As I said, we’ve only been out for four months so it still isn’t long enough to know what we’ll need for the entire trip, just a list of what we’ve come to value so far. I’ve never thought of taking the handheld off the boat for use to get back to Serendipity or other boats if necessary, thanks for idea. And the instruments are essential, I agree, I guess it was meant to say they don’t need to be top of the line if the information is transferring to another place that you’re monitoring, I’ll make sure to go back and make that edit.
    On the chartplotter, we love ours. I love where it’s mounted and I love the adjustable back light as well. All the information we have on the iPad is it’s possibilities and reviews from other people we know who use them. They’ve done many overnight passages as well and have no bad things to say about it. They do also have paper charts as backups should anything happen to it, but any time you’re dealing with any kind of electronics there is the possibility of them going down and anyone on the water should be prepared with some kind of backup.
    We do appreciate our radar, but as I mentioned, it’s just not getting as much use at the moment as we thought it would. We’ve used it to watch squalls come in, use for markers, inlets, overlaying on our charts, but we’ve also been lucky in the states to have areas well marked and boats that use their navigation lights at night. Again, once we’re out of the country I’m sure it will be running all the time to double check the information on our charts or for use during night watches.
    We do have three solar panels, two 135’s and a 210, and you’re right, they should be in the post too. I’ll have to add those in as well. We don’t even use shore power since we run all solar and just use the engines to top off if necessary. They’ve been great to have and are probably in the top three things we’ve added to the boat.
    The real lesson I was trying to impart here was that you’re not going to know what you need 100% until you’re out on the water full time and learning what you personally need instead of what everyone tells you that you need while you’re still on shore.
    Thanks for the information and well wishes, we’re hoping to be back on the water soon too!

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